Indiana laws on regulation and licensing of veterinarians can be found in Article 38.1, Chapter 21 of Indiana code.
The Indiana Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-2-1, the Indiana board of veterinary medical examiners is established. The board consists of seven members appointed by the governor from the districts described in section 3 [IC 25-38.1-2-3] of this chapter. Not more than one veterinarian member may be domiciled in the same district. One of the board members must be a registered veterinary technician. One of the board members must be appointed to represent the general public. Not more than four board members may be affiliated with the same political party. If there is a vacancy on the board, the governor shall appoint a successor to complete the unexpired term.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-2-9, the board is vested with the sole authority to determine the qualifications of applicants for:
1) a license to practice veterinary medicine; and
2) registration to practice as a registered veterinary technician.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-2-10, the board is vested with the sole authority to issue, renew, deny, suspend, or revoke:
1) licenses and special permits to practice veterinary medicine; and
2) registrations or special permits to practice as a registered veterinary technician; in Indiana.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-2-11, the board is vested with the sole authority to discipline licensed veterinarians and registered veterinary technicians consistent with this article and the rules adopted under this chapter.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-2-12, the board is vested with the sole authority to determine the following:
1) The examinations applicants are required to take.
2) The subjects to be covered on the examinations.
3) The places where and the dates on which examinations will be given.
4) The deadlines for applying to take the examinations.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-2-25, the veterinary investigative fund is established to provide funds for administering and enforcing the provisions of this article, including investigating and taking enforcement action against violators of this article. The fund shall be administered by the agency. The treasurer of state shall invest the money in the fund not currently needed to meet the obligations of the fund in the same manner as other public money may be invested. Money in the fund at the end of a state fiscal year does not revert to the state general fund. However, if the total amount in the fund exceeds seven hundred fifty thousand dollars ($750,000) at the end of a state fiscal year after payment of all claims and expenses, the amount that exceeds seven hundred fifty thousand dollars ($750,000) reverts to the state general fund.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-3-1, a person may not practice veterinary medicine in Indiana unless the person:
1) is licensed as a veterinarian in Indiana; or
2) holds a special permit issued by the board.
However, the following persons are exempted:
1) A veterinarian on the faculty of the School of Veterinary Medicine at Purdue University performing regular duties, or a veterinarian employed by the animal disease diagnostic laboratory established by IC 21-46-3-1 performing regular duties.
2) A veterinary medical officer serving in the United States armed forces or veterinarian employed by a federal, state, or local government agency performing veterinary medical services that are within the scope of official duties and are performed during the period of the person’s service.
3) An individual who is a regular student in an accredited college of veterinary medicine performing duties or actions assigned by the faculty of the School of Veterinary Medicine at Purdue University or working under the direct supervision of a licensed veterinarian.
4) An extern.
5) A veterinarian who is licensed and is a resident in another state or country and consults with a veterinarian licensed under this article.
6) An owner or a contract operator of an animal or a regular employee of the owner or a contract operator caring for and treating an animal, except where the ownership of the animal was transferred for purposes of circumventing this chapter.
7) A guest lecturing or giving instructions or demonstrations at the School of Veterinary Medicine at Purdue University, or elsewhere, in connection with a continuing education program.
8) An individual while engaged in bona fide scientific research that:
(A) reasonably requires experimentation involving animals; and
(B) is conducted in a facility or with a company that complies with federal regulations regarding animal welfare.
9) A graduate of a foreign college of veterinary medicine who is in the process of obtaining an ECFVG certificate or a PAVE certificate and who is under the direct supervision of:
(A) the faculty of the School of Veterinary Medicine at Indiana Code 2016 Purdue University; or
(B) a veterinarian licensed under this article.
10) A veterinarian who is enrolled in a postgraduate instructional program in an accredited college of veterinary medicine performing duties or actions assigned by the faculty of the School of Veterinary Medicine at Purdue University.
11) A member in good standing of another licensed or regulated profession within Indiana who:
(A) provides assistance requested by a veterinarian licensed under this article;
(B) acts with the consent of the client;
(C) acts within a veterinarian-client-patient relationship; and
(D) acts under the direct or indirect supervision of the licensed veterinarian.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-3-2 ,to become a licensed veterinarian, a person must:
1) not have a conviction for a crime that has a direct bearing on the person’s ability to practice ethically and competently;
2) not have committed an act that would have been a violation of IC 25-1-9-4 or IC 25-1-9-6;
3) pay the fees required under this article;
4) have successfully completed a program in veterinary medicine from an accredited college of veterinary medicine; and
5) have successfully completed the examinations described in section 4 of this chapter or qualify for a license without examination under section 5 of this chapter.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-3-3, a person desiring a license to practice veterinary medicine shall make written application to the board. The application must state that the applicant is:
1) a graduate of an accredited college of veterinary medicine; or
2) enrolled in the last term of the last year of the veterinary medical curriculum of an accredited school of veterinary medicine.
Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-3-3 provides that the application must be accompanied by the required fee. If the board determines that the applicant possesses the proper qualifications, the board may grant the applicant a license. If the board determines that the applicant is not qualified to take the examination or that the applicant does not qualify for a license without examination, the executive secretary of the board must immediately notify the applicant in writing of the finding and the grounds for the finding. Applicants found unqualified may request a hearing on the question of their qualifications.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-3-5, the board issues a license without an examination to a qualified applicant who:
1) furnishes satisfactory proof that the applicant is a graduate of an accredited college of veterinary medicine or holds an Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates (ECFVG) certificate;
2) for the five years immediately preceding filing an application has been a practicing veterinarian licensed in a state, territory, or district of the United States that has license requirements substantially equivalent to the requirements of this chapter; and
(3) otherwise meets the requirements of this chapter.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-3-11, a license is valid until the next renewal date. All licenses expire on a date set by the agency in each odd-numbered year but may be renewed by application to the board and payment of the proper renewal fee. In accordance with IC 25-1-5-4(c), the agency shall mail a notice ninety (90) days before the expiration to each licensed veterinarian. The agency shall issue a license renewal to each individual licensed under this chapter if the proper fee has been received and all other requirements for renewal of the license have been satisfied. Failure to renew a license on or before the expiration date automatically renders the license invalid without any action by the board.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-3-13. an individual who:
1) practices veterinary medicine after the individual’s license has expired, been revoked, or been placed on inactive status; or
2) acts as a registered veterinary technician after the individual’s registration has expired, been revoked, or been placed on inactive status;
violates this article.
A veterinarian may renew an expired license or a registered veterinary technician may renew an expired registration certificate not later than five years after the date of expiration by making written application for renewal and paying the required fee. However, the board may require continuing education as a condition of renewal of an expired license.
Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-3-13 provides that to have a license or registration placed on inactive status, a licensed veterinarian or registered veterinarian technician must notify the board in writing of the veterinarian’s or technician’s desire to have the license or registration placed on inactive status. The board shall waive the continuing education requirements, if any, and payment of the renewal fee during the period the license or registration of a veterinarian or technician is on inactive status. A license or registration may be placed on inactive status during the period:
1) the veterinarian or technician is on active duty with any branch of the armed services of the United States;
2) the veterinarian or technician is in the Peace Corps;
3) the veterinarian or technician is in an alternative service during a time of national emergency;
4) the veterinarian or technician is suffering from a severe medical condition that prevents the veterinarian or technician from meeting the requirements of the board; or
5) after the veterinarian or technician retires.
Pursuant to Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-4-10, a person who knowingly:
1) practices veterinary medicine without a license or special permit to practice veterinary medicine issued by the board; or
2) supplies false information on an application for a license as a veterinarian; commits a Class A misdemeanor.
Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-4-11.5 provides that except as provided in sections 10 and 11 [IC 25-38.1-4-10 and IC 25-38.1-4-11] of this chapter, a person who violates this chapter commits a Class A infraction.
Burns Ind. Code Ann. § 25-38.1-4-12 provides that if a person engages in the practice of veterinary medicine without a license or certificate issued under this article:
1) the attorney general;
2) a prosecuting attorney;
3) the board; or
4) a citizen;
may maintain an action in the name of the state to enjoin the person from engaging in the practice of veterinary medicine.