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California Laws on Regulation and Licensing of Veterinarians

California laws on regulation and licensing of veterinarians can be found in Cal Bus & Prof Code §§ 4800 through 4917.

Veterinary Medical Board

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4800m a veterinary medical board is established in the Department of Consumer Affairs consisting of seven members, three of whom are public members.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4801 provides that each member, except the public members, must be a graduate of some veterinary college authorized by law to confer degrees, a bona fide resident of California for a period of at least five years immediately preceding his or her appointment, a veterinarian licensed by the state, and must have been actually engaged in the practice of his or her profession in California during this period.  The public members must have been residents of California for a period of at least five years before their appointment and must not be licentiates of the board or of any other board.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4802, the members of the board must hold office for a term of four years.  Each member must serve until the appointment and qualification of his or her successor or until one year has elapsed since the expiration of the term for which s/he was appointed, whichever first occurs.  The Governor appoints four members, one of whom shall be a public member.  The Senate Committee on Rules and the Speaker of the Assembly each appoints a public member.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4804.5, the board appoints a person exempt from civil service who is designated as an executive officer and who exercises the powers and perform the duties delegated by the board and vested in him or her.

Licensing of Veterinarians

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4825, it is unlawful for any person to practice veterinary medicine or any branch thereof in California unless at the time of so doing, such person holds a valid, unexpired, and unrevoked license.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4826.1, a veterinarian who on his or her own initiative, at the request of an owner, or at the request of someone other than the owner, renders emergency treatment to a sick or injured animal at the scene of an accident shall not be liable in damages to the owner of that animal in the absence of gross negligence.

However, pursuant to Cal code Sec. 4827, the following are the excepted practices[i].

a) Practicing veterinary medicine as a bona fide owner of one’s own animals. This exemption applies to the following:

(1) The owner’s bona fide employees.
(2) Any person assisting the owner, provided that the practice is performed gratuitously.

b) Lay testing of poultry by the whole blood agglutination test. For purposes of this section, “poultry” means flocks of avian species
maintained for food production, including, but not limited to, chickens, turkeys, and exotic fowl.
c) Making any determination as to the status of pregnancy, sterility, or infertility upon livestock, equine, or food animals at the time an animal is being inseminated, providing no charge is made for this determination.
d) Administering sodium pentobarbital for euthanasia of sick, injured, homeless, or unwanted domestic pets or animals without the
presence of a veterinarian when the person is an employee of an animal control shelter and its agencies or humane society and has
received proper training in the administration of sodium pentobarbital for these purposes.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4828 provides that all veterinarians actually engaged and employed as veterinarians by the state, or a county, city, corporation, firm or individual are practicing veterinary medicine and shall secure a license issued by the board.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4829, any license granted to any person to practice veterinary medicine, or any branch thereof, remains in force until the renewal fee becomes due and thereafter so long as the holder complies with the provisions of this chapter relating to the renewal of the license and not otherwise.  However, the license at any time may be suspended or revoked.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4831, any person, who violates or aids or abets in violating any of the provisions, is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof will be punished by a fine of not less than $500, nor more than $2,000, or by imprisonment in a county jail for not less than 30 days nor more than one year, or by both the fine and imprisonment.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4846, applications for a license must be upon a form furnished by the board and, in addition, must be accompanied by a diploma or other verification of graduation from a veterinary college recognized by the board.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4846.4, a license holder must biennially apply for renewal of his or her license or registration on or before the last day of the applicant’s birthday month.  The application must be made on a form provided by the board.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4846.4 provides that the application must contain a statement to the effect that the applicant has not been convicted of a felony, has not been the subject of professional disciplinary action taken by any public agency in California or any other state or territory, and has not violated any of the provisions of this chapter.  If the applicant is unable to make that statement, the application must contain a statement of the conviction, professional discipline, or violation.  The board, as part of the renewal process, makes necessary inquiries of the applicant and conducts an investigation to determine if cause for disciplinary action exists.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4848, the board, by means of examination, ascertain the professional qualifications of all applicants for licenses to practice veterinary medicine in this state and shall issue a license to every person whom it finds to be qualified. No license shall be issued to anyone who has not demonstrated his or her competency by examination.

The examination must consist of each of the following:

A) A licensing examination that is administered on a national basis.
B) A California state board examination.
C) An examination concerning those statutes and regulations of the Veterinary Medicine Practice Act administered by the board. The
examination shall be administered by mail and provided to applicants within 10 to 20 days of eligibility determination. The board shall
have 10 to 20 days from the date of receipt to process the examination and provide candidates with the results of the examination. The applicant shall certify that he or she personally completed the examination. Any false statement is a violation subject to Section 4831. University of California and Western University of Health Sciences veterinary medical students who have successfully completed a board-approved course on veterinary law and ethics covering the Veterinary Medicine Practice Act shall be exempt from this provision.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4848 provides that the licensing examination may be waived by the board in any case in which it determines that the applicant has taken and passed an examination for licensure in another state substantially equivalent in scope and subject matter to the licensing examination last given in California before the determination is made, and has achieved a score on the out-of-state examination at least equal to the score required to pass the licensing examination administered in California.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4848, the board must not preclude a person who has completed a portion of his or her educational program, as determined by the board, in a veterinary college, from permitting to take any examination prior to satisfying the requirements for application for a license.  For purposes of reciprocity, the board can waive the examination requirements, and issue a license to an applicant to practice veterinary medicine if the applicant meets all of the following requirements and would not be denied issuance of a license by any other provision of this code:

1) The applicant holds a current valid license in good standing in another state, Canadian province, or United States territory and within three years immediately preceding filing an application for licensure in this state, has practiced clinical veterinary medicine for a minimum of two years and completed a minimum of 2,944 hours of clinical practice. Experience obtained while participating in an American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) accredited institution’s internship, residency, or specialty board training program is valid for meeting the minimum experience requirement.
2) At the time of original licensure, the applicant passed the national licensing requirement in veterinary science with a passing
score or scores on the examination or examinations equal to or greater than the passing score required to pass the national
licensing examination or examinations administered in this state.

3) The applicant has either graduated from a veterinary college recognized by the board under Section 4846 or possesses a certificate
issued by the Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates (ECFVG) or the Program for the Assessment of Veterinary
Education Equivalence (PAVE).
4) The applicant passes an examination concerning the statutes and regulations of the Veterinary Medicine Practice Act, administered
by the board.

(5) The applicant completes an approved educational curriculum on regionally specific and important diseases and conditions.  The board, in consultation with the California Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA), must approve educational curricula that cover appropriate regionally specific and important diseases and conditions that are common in California.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4848 provides that the board must issue a temporary license valid for one year to an applicant to practice veterinary medicine under the supervision of another California-licensed veterinarian in good standing if the applicant satisfies all of the following requirements:

1) The applicant meets all the above requirements.
2) The applicant would not be denied issuance of a license under any other provision of this chapter.
3) The applicant agrees to complete the approved educational curriculum on regionally specific and important diseases and conditions during the period of temporary licensure.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4848, upon completion of the curriculum on regionally specific and important diseases and conditions, a temporary licensee must submit an application for full licensure accompanied by verification of completion of that curriculum and all applicable fees.

The board, in its discretion, may extend the expiration date of a temporary license for not more than one year for reasons of health, military service, or undue hardship.  An application for an extension shall be submitted on a form provided by the board.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4848.3, the board issue a temporary license valid for one year to an applicant accepted into a qualifying internship or residency program that meets all of the following requirements:

1) Program participants have either graduated from a veterinary college recognized by the board under Section 4846 or possess a certificate issued by the Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates or the Program for the Assessment of Veterinary Education Equivalency, and hold a current valid license in good standing in another state, Canadian province, or United States territory.
2) Program participants are under the direct supervision of a board-certified California-licensed veterinarian in good standing.
3) Two or more board-certified specialists are on the staff of the veterinary practice.
4) The program undergoes annual evaluation and is approved by one or more existing organizations officially recognized for that
purpose by the board.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4848.3 provides that the temporary license is valid for activities performed in the course of, and incidental to, a qualifying internship or residency program.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4853, all premises where veterinary medicine, veterinary dentistry, veterinary surgery, and the various branches thereof is being practiced must be registered with the board.  “Premises” for the purpose of this chapter includes a building, kennel, mobile unit, or vehicle.  Mobile units and vehicles are exempted from independent registration with the board when they are operated from a building or facility which is the licensee manager’s principal place of business and the building is registered with the board, and the registration identifies and declares the use of the mobile unit or vehicle.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4853 provides that every application for registration of veterinary premises must contain the name of the responsible licensee manager who is to act for and on behalf of the licensed premises.  Substitution of the responsible licensee manager may be accomplished by application to the board if the following conditions are met:

1) The person substituted qualifies by presenting satisfactory evidence that he or she possesses a valid, unexpired, and unrevoked
license as provided by this chapter and that the license is not currently under suspension.
2) No circumvention of the law is contemplated by the substitution.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4854, all premises where veterinary medicine, veterinary dentistry, or veterinary surgery is being practiced, and all instruments, apparatus and apparel used in connection with those practices, shall be kept clean and sanitary at all times, and shall conform to those minimum standards established by the board.

Diversion Evaluation Committees

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4860, the Veterinary Medical Board seek ways and means to identify and rehabilitate veterinarians and registered veterinary technicians with impairment due to abuse of dangerous drugs or alcohol, affecting competency so that veterinarians and registered veterinary technicians so afflicted may be treated and returned to the practice of veterinary medicine
in a manner that will not endanger the public health and safety.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4861, the board established diversion evaluation committees. Each diversion evaluation committee is composed of five persons appointed by the board.  Each diversion evaluation committee has the following composition:

a) Three veterinarians licensed under this chapter. The board in making its appointments shall give consideration to recommendations
of veterinary associations and local veterinary societies and shall consider, among others, where appropriate, the appointment of
veterinarians who have recovered from impairment or who have knowledge and expertise in the management of impairment.
b) Two public members.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4861 provides that each person appointed to a diversion evaluation committee shall have experience or knowledge in the evaluation or management of persons who are impaired due to alchohol or drug abuse. It shall require the majority vote of the board to appoint a person to a diversion evaluation committee. Each appointment shall be at the pleasure of the board for a term not to exceed four years. In its discretion the board may stagger the terms of the initial members appointed. The board may appoint a program director and other personnel as necessary to carry out provisions of this article.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4868, each diversion evaluation committee must have the following duties and responsibilities:

a) To evaluate those veterinarians and registered veterinary technicians who request participation in the program according to the
guidelines prescribed by the board and to consider the recommendation of the administrative physician on the admission of the veterinarian or registered veterinary technician to the diversion program.
b) To review and designate those treatment facilities to which veterinarians and registered veterinary technicians in a diversion
program may be referred.
c) To receive and review information concerning veterinarians and registered veterinary technicians participating in the program.
d) To call meetings as necessary to consider the requests of veterinarians and registered veterinary technicians to participate in a diversion program, and to consider reports regarding veterinarians and registered veterinary technicians participating in a program
from an administrative physician, or from others.
e) To consider in the case of each veterinarian and registered veterinary technician participating in a program whether he or she may with safety continue or resume the practice of veterinary medicine or the assisting in the practice of veterinary medicine.
f) To set forth in writing for each veterinarian and registered veterinary technician participating in a program a treatment program
established for each such veterinarian and registered veterinary technician with the requirements for supervision and surveillance.
g) To hold a general meeting at least twice a year, which shall be open and public, to evaluate the program’s progress, to review data as required in reports to the board, to prepare reports to be submitted to the board, and to suggest proposals for changes in the diversion program.

Disciplining of Veterinarians

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4875, the board may revoke or suspend for a certain time the license or registration of any person to practice veterinary medicine or any branch thereof in this state after notice and hearing for any of the causes provided in this article. In addition to its authority to suspend or revoke a license or registration, the board shall have the authority to assess a fine not in excess of five thousand dollars ($5,000) against a licensee or registrant for any of the causes specified in Section 4883. A fine may be assessed in lieu of or in addition to a suspension or revocation. The proceedings under this article shall be conducted in accordance with Chapter 5
(commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and the board shall have all the powers granted therein. All fines collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited to the credit of the Veterinary Medical Board Contingent Fund.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4875.2, if, upon completion of an investigation, the executive officer has probable cause to believe that a veterinarian, a registered veterinary technician, or an unlicensed person acting as a veterinarian or a registered veterinary technician has violated provisions of this chapter, he or she may issue a citation to the veterinarian, registered veterinary technician, or unlicensed person, as provided in this section. Each citation shall be in writing and shall describe with particularity the nature of the violation,
including a reference to the provision of this chapter alleged to have been violated. In addition, each citation may contain an order of abatement fixing a reasonable time for abatement of the violation, and may contain an assessment of a civil penalty. The citation shall
be served upon the veterinarian, registered veterinary technician, or unlicensed individual personally or by any type of mailing
requiring a return receipt. Before any citation may be issued, the executive officer shall submit the alleged violation for review and
investigation to at least one designee of the board who is a veterinarian licensed in or employed by the state. The review shall
include attempts to contact the veterinarian, registered veterinary technician, or unlicensed person to discuss and resolve the alleged
violation. Upon conclusion of the board designee’s review, the designee shall prepare a finding of fact and a recommendation. If the
board designee concludes that probable cause exists that the veterinarian, registered veterinary technician, or unlicensed person
has violated any provisions of this chapter, a civil citation shall be issued to the veterinarian, registered veterinary technician, or
unlicensed person.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4875.6, if a veterinarian, a registered veterinary technician, or an unlicensed person desires to administratively contest a civil citation or the proposed assessment of a civil penalty therefor, s/he must, within 10 business days after receipt of the citation, notify the executive officer in writing of his or her request for an informal conference with the executive officer or his or her designee.  The executive officer or his or her designee must hold, within 60 days from the receipt of the request, an informal conference.  At the conclusion of the informal conference, the executive officer may affirm, modify, or dismiss the citation or proposed assessment of a civil penalty, and s/he must state with particularity in writing his or her reasons for the action.  If the veterinarian, registered veterinary technician, or unlicensed person desires to administratively contest a decision made after the informal conference, s/he must inform the executive officer in writing within 30 calendar days after s/he receives the decision resulting from the informal conference.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4875.6 provides that if the veterinarian, registered veterinary technician, or unlicensed person fails to notify the executive officer in writing that he or she intends to contest the citation or the proposed assessment of a civil penalty therefor or the decision made after an informal conference within the time specified in this subdivision, the citation or the proposed assessment of a civil penalty or the decision made after an informal conference shall be deemed a final order of the board and shall not be subject to further administrative review.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4875.6 provides that where a fine is paid to satisfy an assessment based on the finding of a violation, payment
of the fine shall be represented as satisfactory resolution of the matter for purposes of public disclosure.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4875.6, a veterinarian, a registered veterinary technician, or an unlicensed person may, in lieu of contesting a citation pursuant to this section, transmit to the board the amount assessed in the citation as a civil penalty, within 10 business days after receipt of the citation. An unlicensed person may notify the board and file a petition for a writ of administrative mandamus under Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure within 30 calendar days after receipt of the citation, without engaging in an informal conference or administrative hearing. If a petition is not filed pursuant to this section, payment of any fine shall not constitute an admission of the violation charged.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4875.6 provides that  if a veterinarian, a registered veterinary technician, or an unlicensed person has notified the executive officer that he or she intends to administratively contest the decision made after the informal conference, the executive officer shall forward the matter to the Attorney General’s office who shall prepare a notice of appeal of the citation and civil penalty. After the hearing, the board and administrative law judge shall issue a decision, based on findings of fact, affirming, modifying, or vacating the citation, or directing other appropriate relief that shall include, but need not be limited to, a notice that the failure of a veterinarian, registered veterinary technician, or unlicensed person to comply with any provision of the board’s decision constitutes grounds for suspension or denial of licensure, or both, or suspension or denial of registration, or both.

Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4875.6 provides that after the exhaustion of the review procedures provided for in this section or if the time for all appeals has passed, the board may bring an action in the appropriate court in the county in which the offense occurred to recover the civil penalty and obtain an order compelling the cited person to comply with the order of abatement. In that action, the complaint shall include a certified copy of the final order of the board, together with the factual findings and determinations of the board and administrative law judge. The findings shall be prima facie evidence of the facts stated therein, and in the absence of contrary evidence may serve as the basis for the issuance of the judgment and order.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4875.6, failure of a licensee or registrant to pay a civil penalty within 30 days of the date of receipt of the assessment, unless the citation is being appealed, may result in disciplinary action being taken by the board. When a citation is not contested and a civil penalty is not paid, the full amount of the assessed civil penalty shall be added to the fee for renewal of the license or registration. A license or registration shall not be renewed without payment of the renewal fee and civil penalty. Any civil penalties received under this chapter shall be deposited in the Veterinary Medical Board Contingent Fund.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4883, the board may deny, revoke, or suspend a license or registration or assess a fine for any of the following:

a) Conviction of a crime substantially related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of veterinary medicine, surgery, or dentistry, in which case the record of the conviction shall be conclusive evidence.
b) For having professional connection with, or lending the licensee’s or registrant’s name to, any illegal practitioner of veterinary medicine and the various branches thereof.
c) Violation or attempting to violate, directly or indirectly, any of the provisions of this chapter.
d) Fraud or dishonesty in applying, treating, or reporting on tuberculin or other biological tests.
e) Employment of anyone but a veterinarian licensed in the state to demonstrate the use of biologics in the treatment of animals.
f) False or misleading advertising.
g) Unprofessional conduct, that includes, but is not limited to, the following:
1) Conviction of a charge of violating any federal statutes or rules or any statute or rule of this state regulating dangerous drugs or controlled substances. The record of the conviction is conclusive evidence thereof. A plea or verdict of guilty or a conviction following a plea of nolo contendere is deemed to be a conviction within the meaning of this section. The board may order the license or registration to be suspended or revoked, or assess a fine, or decline to issue a license or registration, when the time for appeal has elapsed, or the judgment of conviction has been affirmed on appeal or when an order granting probation is made suspending the imposition of sentence, irrespective of a subsequent order under Section 1203.4, 1210.1, or 3063.1 of the Penal Code allowing the person to withdraw his or her plea of guilty and to enter a plea of not guilty, or setting aside the verdict of guilty, or dismissing the accusation, information, or indictment.
2)   (A) The use of or prescribing for or administering to himself or herself, any controlled substance.
(B) The use of any of the dangerous drugs, or of alcoholic beverages to the extent, or in any manner as to be dangerous or injurious to a person licensed or registered under this chapter, or to any other person or to the public, or to the extent that the use impairs the ability of the person so licensed or registered to conduct with safety the practice authorized by the license or registration.
(C) The conviction of more than one misdemeanor or any felony involving the use, consumption, or self-administration of any of the
substances referred to in this section or any combination thereof, and the record of the conviction is conclusive evidence. A plea or verdict of guilty or a conviction following a plea of nolo contendere is deemed to be a conviction within the meaning of this section. The board may order the license or registration to be suspended or revoked or assess a fine, or may decline to issue a license or registration, when the time for appeal has elapsed or the judgment of conviction has been affirmed on appeal or when an order granting probation is made suspending imposition of sentence, irrespective of a subsequent order under Section 1203.4, 1210.1, or 3063.1 of the Penal Code allowing the person to withdraw his or her plea of guilty and to enter a plea of not guilty, or setting aside the verdict of guilty, or dismissing the accusation, information, or indictment.
3) A violation of any federal statute, rule, or regulation or any of the statutes, rules, or regulations of this state regulating dangerous drugs or controlled substances.

h) Failure to keep the licensee’s or registrant’s premises and all equipment therein in a clean and sanitary condition.
i) Fraud, deception, negligence, or incompetence in the practice of veterinary medicine.
j) Aiding or abetting in any acts that are in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter.
k) The employment of fraud, misrepresentation, or deception in obtaining the license or registration.
l) The revocation, suspension, or other discipline by another state or territory of a license, certificate, or registration to practice veterinary medicine or as a veterinary technician in that state or territory.
m) Cruelty to animals, conviction on a charge of cruelty to animals, or both.
n) Disciplinary action taken by any public agency in any state or territory for any act substantially related to the practice of veterinary medicine or the practice of a veterinary technician.
o) Violation, or the assisting or abetting violation, of any regulations adopted by the board pursuant to this chapter.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4886, in reinstating a license or registration that has been revoked or suspended, the board may impose terms and conditions to be followed by the licensee or registrant after the license or registration has been reinstated.  The authority of the board to impose terms and conditions includes, but is not limited to, the following:

a) Requiring the licensee or registrant to obtain additional professional training and to pass an examination upon completion of the training.
b) Requiring the licensee or registrant to pass an oral, written, practical, or clinical examination, or any combination thereof to determine his or her present fitness to engage in the practice of veterinary medicine or to practice as a veterinary technician.
c) Requiring the licensee or registrant to submit to a complete diagnostic examination by one or more physicians appointed by the board. If the board requires the licensee or registrant to submit to that examination, the board shall receive and consider any other report of a complete diagnostic examination given by one or more physicians of the licensee’s or registrant’s choice.
d) Restricting or limiting the extent, scope, or type of practice of the licensee or registrant.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4887, a person whose license or registration has been revoked or who has been placed on probation may petition the board for reinstatement or modification of penalty including modification or termination of probation after a period of not less than one year has elapsed from the effective date of the decision ordering the disciplinary action.  The petition must be heard by the board.  The board may consider all activities of the petitioner since the disciplinary action was taken, the offense for which the petitioner was disciplined, the petitioner’s activities since the license or registration was in good standing, and the petitioner’s rehabilitation efforts, general reputation for truth, and professional ability.  The board reinstating the license or registration or modifying a penalty may impose such terms and conditions as it determines necessary.  The petition must be considered while the petitioner is under sentence for any criminal offense, including any period during which the petitioner is on court-imposed probation or parole[ii].

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4900, all veterinary licenses and veterinary technician registrations expires at 12 midnight of the last day of the birth month of the licensee or registrant during the second year of a two-year term if not renewed.  To renew an unexpired license or registration, the licensee or registrant must, on or before the date of expiration of the license or registration, apply for renewal on a form provided by the board, accompanied by the prescribed renewal fee.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4901,  an expired license or registration may be renewed at any time within five years after its expiration on filing of an application for renewal on a form prescribed by the board, and payment of all accrued and unpaid renewal fees. If the license or registration is renewed more than 30 days after its expiration, the licensee or registrant, as a condition precedent to renewal, shall also pay the delinquency fee prescribed by this chapter. Renewal under this section shall be effective on the date on which the application is filed, on the date on which all renewal fees are paid, or on the date on which the delinquency fee, if any, is paid, whichever last occurs. If so renewed, the license or registration shall continue in effect through the expiration date provided in Section 4900 that next occurs after the effective date of the renewal, when it shall expire if it is not again renewed.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4902, a person who fails to renew his license within five years after its expiration may not renew it, and it must not be restored, reissued, or reinstated thereafter, but such person may apply for and obtain a new license if:

a) S/he is not subject to denial of licensure under Section 480.
b) S/he takes and passes the examination, if any, which would be required of him or her if he were then applying for a license for the first time, or otherwise establishes to the satisfaction of the board that, with due regard for the public interest, s/he is qualified to practice veterinary medicine, and
c) S/he pays all of the fees that would be required of him or her if he were then applying for the license for the first time.

The board may, by regulation, provide for the waiver or refund of all or any part of the examination fee in those cases in which a license is issued without an examination pursuant to the provisions of this section.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4903, of all fines or forfeitures of bail in any case wherein any person is charged with a violation of any of the provisions of this act, 50% must be paid upon collection by the proper officer of the court to the State Treasurer, to be deposited to the credit of the Veterinary Medical Board Contingent Fund. The other 50% must be paid as provided by law, for the payment of fines or forfeitures of bail in misdemeanor cases.

Veterinary Corporations

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4910, a veterinary corporation is a corporation which is authorized to render professional services, so long as that corporation and its shareholders, officers, directors, and employees rendering professional services who are licensed veterinarians are in compliance with the Moscone-Knox Professional Corporation Act (Part 4 (commencing with Section 13400) of Division 3 of Title 1 of the Corporations Code), this article, and all other statutes and regulations pertaining to the corporation and the conduct of its affairs.  With respect to a veterinary corporation, the governmental agency referred to in the Moscone-Knox Professional Corporation Act (Part 4 (commencing with Section 13400) of Division 3 of Title 1 of the Corporations Code) is the Veterinary Medical Board.

Pursuant to Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4915, if any person violates, attempts to violate, directly or indirectly, or assist in or abet the violation of, or conspire to violate, the Moscone-Knox Professional Corporation Act (Part 4 (commencing with Section 13400), of Division 3 of Title 1 of the Corporations Code), this article, or any regulation adopted pursuant to those provisions, it constitutes unprofessional conduct and violation of the chapter.

[i] Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4827.
[ii] Cal Bus & Prof Code § 4887.


Inside California Laws on Regulation and Licensing of Veterinarians